Want to know more about melasma? Get to know the benefits here

Melasma is a very common skin condition that typically affects the face and causes your skin to turn dark and discolored. The specific reason for melasma isn’t always absolutely understood. However, it’s mainly related to hormonal changes, sun exposure, and genetic factors. The signs and symptoms of melasma in Glen Allen can be:

  • Hyperpigmentation: This is the number one symptom of melasma, where the development of brown, gray-brown, or tan patches at the pores and skin is seen. These patches are commonly symmetrical and often observed at the front of the head, cheeks, nostril, chin, and top lip. The color occurs because of an overproduction of melanin, the pigment liable for skin coloration.
  • Symmetrical Distribution: Melasma patches usually appear on each side of the face in a symmetrical manner. This symmetrical distribution distinguishes it from other forms of hyperpigmentation.
  • Sun Sensitivity: Sun exposure is a giant trigger for melasma. The condition has a tendency to worsen with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays, which could cause the prevailing patches to darken and new ones to broaden.
  • Triggers: In addition to staying in the open sun for too long, hormonal modifications are also a very well-known cause of melasma. It often takes place throughout pregnancy (chloasma or “masks of pregnancy”) and is from time to time referred to as the ” pregnant masks.” Hormone cures and delivery control drugs can also make contributions to the improvement of melasma.
  • No Other Physical Symptoms: Melasma typically does not cause any physical pain, itching, or ache. It is, in general, a cosmetic subject.

It’s crucial to observe that melasma does not have any unique medical assessments for diagnosis; your doctors commonly diagnose it based on the appearance of the skin. If you believe you have got melasma, it’s really useful to seek advice from a dermatologist for a correct diagnosis and suitable remedy suggestions. Treatment alternatives for melasma may include topical lotions containing substances like hydroquinone, retinoids, and corticosteroids. Chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and laser treatments are also used in some instances. 

Keep in mind that if you have a family history of melasma, you should be extra careful and take more precautions as you are more likely to get this problem. This problem is very common in women but can also happen to people of any gender. However, it has been seen that individuals who have darker skin are more likely to get melasma.

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